McKinney-Vento Act Education for Homeless Children and Youth


The Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program is authorized under Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.) The McKinney-Vento Act is designed to address the challenges that homeless children and youths have faced in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school. Under this Act, SEAs must ensure that each homeless child and youth has equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as other children and youths. Homeless children and youths must have access to the educational and related services that they need to enable them to meet the same challenging State academic standards to which all students are held. In addition, homeless students may not be separated from the mainstream school environment.

Allowable activities may include, but are not limited to:

Assist homeless children and youths in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school. In particular, the funds may support the following activities:

  • Tutoring, supplemental instruction, and other educational services to help homeless children and youths reach same State academic standards the State establishes for other children and youth.
  • Expedited evaluations of eligible students to measure their strengths and needs.
  • Professional development for educators and specialized instructional support personnel to heighten the understanding of the needs of homeless children and youths.
  • Referrals of eligible students to medical, dental, mental, and other health services.
  • Assistance to defray the excess cost of transportation not otherwise provided through Federal, State, or local funds, to enable students to remain in their schools of origin.
  • Developmentally appropriate early childhood education programs for preschool-aged homeless children that are not provided through other Federal, State, or local funds.
  • Services and assistance to attract, engage, and retain homeless children and youths.
  • Before and after school mentoring /summer programs
  • Payment of fees and costs associated with tracking, obtaining, and transferring records necessary to enrollment.
  • Education and training for parents and guardians of homeless children and youths about their rights and other activities designed to increase the meaningful involvement.
  • Coordination between schools and agencies providing services to homeless children and youths in order to expand and enhance such services.
  • Specialized instructional support services, including violence prevention counseling.
  • Programs addressing the particular needs that may arise from domestic violence and parental mental health or substance abuse problems.
  • Providing school supplies, including those to be distributed at shelters or temporary housing facilities, or other appropriate locations.
  • Providing extraordinary or emergency services needed to enable homeless children and youths to attend school and participate fully in school activities.